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How to Transport Dairy Products

Todd Cawley | August 1st, 2023

Transporting dairy products can be challenging, but with proper planning and execution, it can be done efficiently and safely. Here are some tips for transporting dairy products:


  1. Choose the right vehicle: A refrigerated truck or van with a reliable refrigeration system and proper insulation is ideal for transporting dairy products. Make sure to choose a vehicle that can maintain the correct temperature throughout the entire journey. Refrigerated vehicles come in different sizes, so select a vehicle that can accommodate your dairy product volume.
  2. Temperature control: Maintain the correct temperature during transit, between 32°F to 40°F for milk and cheese products and 0°F to -5°F for frozen dairy products. Ensure that the temperature is consistently maintained throughout the entire journey. In case of any temperature fluctuations, make sure to have a backup plan to avoid product spoilage.
  3. Proper packaging: Use vacuum-sealed or leak-proof freezer bags that can withstand extreme temperatures. Use appropriately labeled packaging with the contents, date, and temperature requirements. Proper labeling also helps you quickly identify the products and ensure they are transported to the correct destination.
  4. Handling: Handle dairy products gently to avoid damage and spoilage. Use dollies or carts to move heavy packages to prevent damage. You can also consider having a loading and unloading area specifically designed for dairy products. Proper handling ensures that the dairy products are moved safely without any damage.
  5. Recordkeeping: Keep detailed records of the temperature and handling of dairy products during transit. This information can be used to identify and address any issues that arise during transport and can also be used to maintain compliance with regulatory requirements.


Emerald Transportation Solutions provides customized refrigerated transportation solutions for all your business needs. Our refrigerated trucks and vans are equipped with the latest technology to ensure your dairy products are transported safely and efficiently. With more than 55 years of combined experience, our team of experts is committed to providing superior service with honesty and integrity. Our refrigerated vehicles come in different sizes to accommodate any volume of dairy products. We also offer customized solutions to suit your specific transportation needs.


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What does under DOT mean?

Questions regarding DOT requirements come up often. 10,000 lbs GVW (gross vehicle weight) and over are commercial vehicles that fall under the Department of Transportation regulatory requirements.

What is the difference between GVW and payload?

GVW or Gross Vehicle Weight is the entire weight of the vehicle including the payload. The payload weight represents the amount of cargo you are hauling.

What is a self-powered unit and a vehicle-powered unit?

A self-powered unit has its own fuel source and will run independent of the truck. This is the heaviest and most expensive option. While vehicle-powered units run off the engine via a compressor mounted on the engine. These are less expensive and lighter in weight but you must run the truck or plug the electric standby into shore power.

What does K-factor mean and why is that important?

K-factor is a term that stands for the overall insulating value of the container (truck body). Quite simply the lower the K-factor the better the truck body will be able to maintain a given temperature and require less energy to do so.

How much lighter is a Poly Van vs a US spec body?

Poly Van bodies are very light. On average we estimate we are 75-150 lbs per foot lighter than a traditional sheet and post foamed in place body. These weight savings translates to less fuel burn and less CO2 emissions, along with added payload, the most important benefit.

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