Freezer Vans For Sale

What Are the Key Factors to Consider When Buying a Refrigerated Truck or Van?

Joe Dickman | June 12th, 2023

When it comes to efficiently transporting perishable foods, refrigerated vehicles are the ideal logistics option. If you own a food industry business, you already understand the value and effectiveness of refrigerated vehicles, whether vans or trucks. These vehicles have the capability and capacity to transport large quantities of food for extended periods of time, allowing you to maintain its freshness. At Emerald Transportation, we offer an array of refrigerated truck and van options to keep your perishable items at the required temperature throughout the delivery process.

When searching for and purchasing a refrigeration van or truck, it is crucial to consider the following factors:


  1. Existing Vehicle Damage

Does the vehicle have any existing damage, such as cracks in the body, that could negatively affect the performance of the insulation? If the vehicle has damage, such as rust or raised paint spots, it may indicate that a past or current owner did not properly maintain the vehicle.

  1. Expected Lifespan

Typically, quality refrigerated vans and trucks will last about seven years. This is a shorter lifespan than most other commercial vehicles.

  1. Storage Capacity

It is vital to calculate the vehicle’s storage space. Ensure it is adequate to carry the quantity you expect to regularly transport.

  1. Temperature Range

Ensure the refrigeration system’s temperature range is sufficient for keeping your goods fresh and within the required guidelines.

  1. Fuel Efficiency

Consider the vehicle’s fuel efficiency and how that will impact your operating costs.

  1. Maintenance History

It is vital to gain access to the vehicle’s maintenance records. Whether you are considering the purchase of a reefer truck, refrigerated truck, or reefer van, past maintenance records can let you know if the vehicle is worth the purchase price and also give you a complete picture of when and how the vehicle has been serviced – for example, repairs, part replacements, or oil changes.


For information about the refrigerated vans and trucks we offer at Emerald Transportation Solutions, call us today at (678) 831-9975, or email us at

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Feel Free To Contact Us If You Have Any Questions

What does under DOT mean?

Questions regarding DOT requirements come up often. 10,000 lbs GVW (gross vehicle weight) and over are commercial vehicles that fall under the Department of Transportation regulatory requirements.

What is the difference between GVW and payload?

GVW or Gross Vehicle Weight is the entire weight of the vehicle including the payload. The payload weight represents the amount of cargo you are hauling.

What is a self-powered unit and a vehicle-powered unit?

A self-powered unit has its own fuel source and will run independent of the truck. This is the heaviest and most expensive option. While vehicle-powered units run off the engine via a compressor mounted on the engine. These are less expensive and lighter in weight but you must run the truck or plug the electric standby into shore power.

What does K-factor mean and why is that important?

K-factor is a term that stands for the overall insulating value of the container (truck body). Quite simply the lower the K-factor the better the truck body will be able to maintain a given temperature and require less energy to do so.

How much lighter is a Poly Van vs a US spec body?

Poly Van bodies are very light. On average we estimate we are 75-150 lbs per foot lighter than a traditional sheet and post foamed in place body. These weight savings translates to less fuel burn and less CO2 emissions, along with added payload, the most important benefit.

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